Famous for the natural environment of the Himalayas, Uttarakhand, formerly known as Uttaranchal is usually referred to as the Devabhumi (literally means Land of the Gods), due to various Hindu temples and pilgrimage centers found throughout the state.
Uttarakhand divided into two sections, Kumaon and Garhwal, bordered by the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south, Himachal Pradesh to the west and north-west, Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, and the Sudurpashchim Pradesh of Nepal to the east.
The largest city of the state, Dehradun is the winter capital of the state. while Gairsain, a town in Chamoli District, was declared the summer capital of Uttarakhand on 4 March 2020. The name of Uttarakhand is derived from the Sanskrit words, Uttara meaning north, and Khand meaning land.
The Ganges at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotri are two of the most prominent rivers in Hinduism, originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand.
The Kumbh Mela is the most significant event and is celebrated every 12 years in Haridwar. During the Kumbh Mela, millions of pilgrims and devotees gather in Haridwar to taking a ritualistic bath along the banks of the river Ganges in order to wash away their sins to achieve Moksha.