Formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal, the Sundarbans is a mangrove area in the delta, spans from the Hooghly River in India’s state of West Bengal to the Baleswar River in Bangladesh.
Sundarbans National Park, Sundarbans West, Sundarbans South, and Sundarban East Wildlife Sanctuaries are the four protected areas in the Sundarban are enlisted as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Spread over a vast area of about 10,000 square kilometers, the Sundarban mangrove forest in West Bengal extends over 4,260 square kilometers across the South 24 Parganas & North 24 Parganas districts.
Listed as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1987, the forests provide habitat to 453 faunal wildlife, including 290 bird, 120 fish, 42 mammal, 35 reptile, and eight amphibian species.
Derived from the word Sundari or Sundri, the local name of the mangrove species Heritiera Fomes, the Bengali name Sundarban, means beautiful forest. An important habitat for the Bengal Tigers, the Sundarbans, provides a unique ecosystem and a vibrant wildlife environment.